Arizona Birth Defects Monitoring Program
Impact of Birth Defects in Arizona
The following information is provided
to give a snapshot view of how birth defects impact the residents of Arizona
physically, emotionally, and financially. This information is given to emphasize
the importance of preventing birth defects, especially among women with
high-risk pregnancies. Prenatal education and public awareness of preventative
methods will help reduce the number of babies born with birth defects in Arizona
|Information from 2009
Vital Statistics Show:
- 23.3% of all infant deaths
were due to birth defects.
- Infant mortality rates
due to congenital anomalies are 7.69% higher in rural areas than urban areas of
Arizona at 1.4 per 1,000 live births in contrast to 1.3 per 1,000 live births,
- Infant mortality rates due to birth defects are the same between male and female at 1.3 per 1,000 live births.
- African Americans have the highest infant mortality rates due to birth defects among all race/ethnicity groups at 2.5 per 1,000 live births, followed by Native American at 2.1 per 1,000 live births, Asian at 1.5 per 1,000 live births, White (non-Hispanic) at 1.3 per live births and Hispanic at 1.1 per 1,000 live births.
|Information from the 2008 ABDMP
- 771 children were born with
a reportable birth defect in Arizona in 2008. These defects include the most
serious congenital anomalies.
- The reportable birth defect rate for Arizona is
7.7 cases per 1,000 live and still births.
- The most common birth defects observed for 2008 are oral clefts, Down syndrome, coarctation of aorta, and gastroschisis.
|Information from the 2009 Hospital Discharge Database Show:
- Children (0-17) with birth defects (ICD-9-CM 740.0-759.9) in any of the diagnostic fields accounted for about 13.3% of all pediatric hospitalizations in 2009.