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Chronic Disease & Injury


Diabetes means that blood glucose (blood sugar) is too high. There are two main types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes – the body does not make insulin. Insulin helps the body use glucose from food for energy. People with type 1 need to take insulin every day.

Type 2 Diabetes – the body does not make or use insulin well. People with type 2 often need to take pills or insulin. Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes.



  • Diabetes is serious and must be carefully managed. All people with diabetes need to make healthy food choices, stay at a healthy weight and be physically active every day.

Diabetes causes:

Normal blood glucose (blood sugar) means a person will:

  • Have more energy
  • Be less tired and thirsty and urinate less often
  • Heal better and have fewer skin or bladder infections
  • Have fewer problems with eyesight, feet, and gums

Prevention of Diabetes: