Chronic Disease & Injury


Cancer affects individuals, families and communities in Arizona. When comparing the overall cancer burden among the multitude of racial/ethnic groups that reside in Arizona, White, non-Hispanics have the highest cancer incidence rate when compared to other racial/ethnic groups. However, African Americans have the highest mortality rate from cancer. Breast, prostate, lung and bronchus, and colorectal cancers are the four most common cancers and are the cause of most deaths from cancer in Arizona.


Types of Cancer:
  • Breast CancerPDF
    • Breast cancer is a malignant (cancer) tumor that starts from cells in the breast. It is mostly found in women, but men can also get breast cancer. Approximately 3,400 women are diagnosed each year.
  • Prostate Cancer
    • There are several types of cells in the prostate, but nearly all prostate cancers begin in the gland cells. In most cases, prostate cancer grows slowly. Approximately 4,000 new cases of prostate cancer made up nearly 1 in 3 of all new cancer cases in men in 2006.
  • Lung Cancer
    • Lung cancer is cancer that begins in the lungs and is classified into two types—small cell and non-small cell. Lung cancer often takes many years to develop. Approximately 4,000 cases of lung cancer are diagnosed each year. This is the second most common cancer in Arizona.
  • Colorectal Cancer
    • Colorectal cancer is cancer that occurs in the colon or rectum. The colon is the large intestine and the rectum is the passageway that connects the colon to the anus. There are an estimated 2,600 new cases of colorectal cancer diagnosed each year.
  • Skin Cancer (Melanomas)

Prevention and Screening:

Arizona Has the Lowest Cancer Rates in the U.S
But Many People are Diagnosed Too Late to Survive

Findings from a report by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) determined that Arizona's cancer incidence rates are the lowest in the nation. Although Arizona can boast about its low cancer rates, it's not all good news. According to the Arizona Cancer Registry, more people in Arizona are diagnosed with cancer at later stages news releasePDF.


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