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Division of Behavioral Health Services

Definitions

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BHS Definitions ListPDF (revised 07/14/14)

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Click on a words below to see the definition.

F

Family

The primary care-giving unit, inclusive of the wide diversity of primary care-giving units in our culture. Family therefore is a biological, adoptive or self-created unit of people residing together and consisting of adult(s) and children, with adult(s) performing duties of parenthood for the children. Persons within this unit share bonds, culture, practices and significant relationships. Biological parents, siblings and others with significant attachment to the individual living outside the home are included in the definition of family.

Family-Driven Care

Family-driven care means families have a primary decision making role in the care of their own children as well as the policies and procedures governing care for all children in their community, state, tribe, territory and nation. This includes choosing culturally and linguistically competent supports, services and providers; setting goals; designing, implementing and evaluation programs; monitoring outcomes; and partnering in funding decisions.

Family-focused Therapy

Involves all members of the family unit and provides psychoeducation about the nature of the mental illness and therapeutic interventions that address the family dynamics and relationships that may be contributing to conflicts within the family.

Family Involvement

Meaningful family involvement occurs when positive outcomes are linked with system characteristics. Successful outcomes are directly linked with strategies that provide families with a cluster of three attributes: access, voice and ownership.

  • Access occurs when youth and family members are offered valid opportunities for inclusion in the process of deciding what sort of services will be provided and how they will be delivered, In other words, family members have a seat at the table when the real work of planning is taking place.
  • Voice is present when youth and family members not only have a seat at the planning table but actually have an opportunity to present their perspectives and to be heard during the planning process.
  • Ownership exists when youth and family members feel a sense of commitment to the course of action which has been developed through the planning process, identify with it, and believe it to be worthwhile.

(From Access, Voice and Ownership: Examining Service Effectiveness from the Family's Perspective by Patricia Miles and John Franz.

Family Leaders

A diverse cadre of family members who consistently and effectively are the collective voice of families in shaping community response to children with emotional behavioral, mental health and substance abuse challenges. For diversely identified communities, the term "Family Spokesperson" may be more appropriate than Family Leader. Explore the appropriateness of terminology and definition with the individual and the community.

Family Member

(A.R.S. § 36-501) A spouse, parent, adult child, adult sibling, or other blood relative of a person undergoing treatment, evaluation, or receiving community services.

Family Member Section 5.4

A parent or caregiver who has raised or is currently raising a child with emotional, behavioral or mental health challenges and has experience navigating the children's behavioral health system. This is inclusive of youth and adolescents diagnosed with serious emotional disturbance up to age 22 if the adolescent is being served by an Individual Education Program (IEP) or up to age 26 if the young adult is being served by an Individual Service Plan (ISP) in transition to the adult mental health system.

Family-Professional Partnerships

In this collaborative partnership, professionals and family members are equal partners. " 'Equal partners' does not mean that parents and professionals assume each others' roles, but rather that they respect each others' roles and contributions. While professionals bring technical knowledge and expertise to this relationship, parents offer the most intimate knowledge of their children, and often special skills." (Allen & Petr, 1998)

Family-Run Organizations

A family-run organization is an organization that has a board of directors made up of more that 50% family members, who have primary responsibility for the raising of a child, youth, adolescent or young adult with a serious emotional disturbance up to age 18 or 21 if the adolescent is being served by an Individual Education Plan (IEP) or up to 26 if the young adult is being served by an Individual Service Plan in transition to the adult mental health system.

Fee-for-Service

A fee paid for each service based on actual utilization of services, using payment rates set for units of care provided.

Filed

The date on which the claim dispute is received by the RBHA or ADHS/DBHS.

Flex Funds

Funds utilized to purchase any of a variety of one-time or occasional goods and/or services needed for enrolled persons (children or adults) and their families, when the goods and/or services cannot be purchased by any other funding source, and the service or good is directly related to the enrolled person's service plan.

Fraud

"An intentional deception or misrepresentation made by a person with the knowledge that the deception could result in some unauthorized benefit to himself or some other person. It includes any act that constitutes fraud under applicable Federal or State law." (42 CFR § 455.2)

Elements of Fraud:

  1. The act (evidence of wrongdoing).
  2. Knowledge and intent (willfully intended to commit act - generally evidenced by a pattern of wrongdoing).
  3. Benefit (some type of measurable benefit obtained from the act by the person committing the act).